Improving The Welfare Of Nigerians – Expert’s Opinion

President Muhammadu Buhari

The Welfare of citizens is most important and that is why Nigerian government should work on the improvement of the welfare of Nigerians by working on the amount of freedom, healthcare, education, infrastructure and facilities, social and economic security that Nigerians enjoy. This write up is written, such that it will be understandable to all.

TACKLING POVERTY: Poverty simply means lacking basic things such as housing, clothing, food, basic healthcare, freedom and basic education and characterized by low income and low consumption. Nigerian government should promote opportunities, facilitate empowerment and enhance security to reduce poverty. The federal Government should
embark on reducing various forms of insecurities such as economic shocks, natural disaster, crop failures, ill health, violence and insurgence. Government should embark on projects that will bring employment opportunities to the poor. Withdrawing money from circulation reduces consumption and investment by Nigerians, government should instead, reorganize our consumption and ensure that it is dominated by capital goods and not consumer goods.

Nigeria had been characterized with low level of physical capital accumulation in terms of plant, machinery and equipment used in production of output and low human capital accumulation in terms of education, skills and expertise embodied in labour force through education and training. Low capital accumulation causes low productivity and poverty which is as a result of poverty, resulting from low income and low savings, hence low investment. Government should promote importation of machines that will be used in processing raw materials. Government should control rapid population growth and enforce law against excessive child birth and enforce that all marriages should be legally documented to protect our women, but the religion of the man must be considered.  Population growth might be of advantage at the aggregate level but at the household level, it increases poverty and exhausts of family resources and capability, hence increase in poverty nationally.

FLOOD CONTROL: Nigerian Government should set up bodies that will be in charge of marking lands that are good for residential purposes and those that are not good for residential purposes. Government should create platform whereby all lands that will be allocated to infrastructure must be assessed before it is being approved to be used, sold or
bought for residential purposes as this will prevent loss of lives and properties in nearest future. Government should vacate people who live on flood plains and create housing programes because of them and prohibit the act of anyone desiring to build house in flood plain regions by making law against construction of buildings on flood plains. Government should put in place body that will be in charge of control of solid and hazardous wastes and ensure that there is no dumping of refuse in drainages and in rivers. Government should invest in purchasing vehicles that will be used to pack wastes to where it will be recycled.
Government should construct drainages and ensure release of water from dams is monitored so as to control flooding.

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ENSURING TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS: Technological progress, which is improvement in art of production, which is as a result of combination of research, invention, development and innovation, is very low in Nigeria. Government of Nigeria should give
roam for creation of knowledge through research and invention and also application of new knowledge to the process of production through innovation. Nigerian export is dominated by primary commodities, government should ensure that most of our primary products are processed before exported. Moreover, some goods are underprovided and others overprovided, government should reorganize the productive sector Nigeria is technologically backward, which is reflected in the high average cost of production and in
high labour output and capital output ratio, indicating low productivity. Poor capital is a major reason for not scrapping of old technique and bringing in modern ones, as Nigeria is a low income or better say, a medium income economy. Government should mobilize real savings, and ensure that credit and financial institutions are neffectively mobilizing savings, and also ensure that there are some investment on capital goods. Nigeria should
move away from exporting primary goods and ensure that no good is exported on processed, except few.

The ratio of industrial output to total output is low, if government can boost the industrial sector, the per capital real income will increase. Nigerian government should put in place design and implementation of industrial strategies, ensure equity in industrial progress between manufacturing and other productive sectors, and ensure the appropriateness of technology being transferred, and the net cost of the transfer are well calculated and minimized. Government should establish companies that will be processing woods to make
plywood, papers, planks and furniture, and also companies that will be processing agricultural products, such as palm fruit and palm kernel into palm oil and palm kernel oil, cocoa into cocoa products, groundnut into groundnut oil and so on. This will reduce cost of food and other products and increase welfare of Nigerians.

INVESTMENT IN HUMAN CAPITAL: Government should invest on health facilities, on –job training, institutional training and retraining, formally organized education, adult education and so on, which will increase productivity as a result of reducing poor health, illiteracy, fear of change or rejection of new knowledge. Government should strategize investment in human resource development. Nigerians usually demand for education because of employment opportunities and promotion, prestige, self-worth or status. The private cost, incurred by individuals such as school fees, cost of books and other costs,
and social costs such as, building, equipment and teaching materials incurred by the society, vary from individual to individuals and society to society. Individuals from poor background find it difficult to finance the cost of schooling which makes them to perform poorly and societies with poor facilities have been unable to impact on students leading to poor performance of students. Therefore, government should always offer scholarship to both the brilliant and the poor students because financial constraint is the major problem of most students that perform poorly in the primary, secondary and higher institutions. Poverty widens inequalities between the poor students and rich the brilliant ones.

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ESTABLISHMENT OF SETTLEMENTS AROUND NIDERIAN BOARDER: Nigerian Government should establish new settlements around Nigerian boarder as this will help in
protecting and developing the borders. Government should ensure that all facilities and infrastructures are put in place and also ensure that there is adequate security. The security will be protecting the border and the people at the same time while the settlement can serve as economic ground where products can be assembled for export. Industries can be located in these locations so that other neighbouring countries can easily have access to
Nigerian improved products or made in Nigeria products. Nigerian government should boost import substitution by ensuring that there is ready market at home and preserving products from foreign competition and hence, an attractive way of introducing local
entrepreneurship into the industrial sector.

ELECTRICITY: Nigerian government should ensure that the power sector is developed as the amount of energy consumed by nations reflects their level of development. Nigeria should generate electricity according to nature of the regions in the country, the south to be dominated by hydroelectric power, and in the north with solar, wind and generation of electricity due to underground heat available in the north.

REDUCTION OF INEQUALITIES
Government should work on reduction between men and women by ensuring that women enjoy same educational right, economic right, and constitutional right as men and ensure the reduction in inequalities among different classes in the workforce. Government should initiate a progressive taxing system whereby as income increases, tax rate increases and vice versa.

LABOUR EXPORT: Nigerian government should embark on labour export which is a deliberate action of government to export labour to other countries. Some countries are in need of Nigerian as lectures and teachers of Nigerian languages and other fields. Government should not be scared of brain-drain as there is ready replacement of such labour that will be exported, as scholars are produced yearly and there will be remittance that will compensate any
form of brain drain.

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TACKLING CORRUPTION: According to the World Bank, corruption is the abuse of public office for private gain, including bribery, threats, and kickbacks. In Nigeria, corruption takes different forms; in the educational sector, begins from
teachers extorting pupils or students, taking them to his or her farm during school hours, and not impacting knowledge in the students while they receive their salaries, in the ministries, both state and federal, there are a lot of embezzlement, and in other sectors, there are existence of ghost workers and also receipt of multiple salaries. Government should ensure putting in place measures that correct the anomalies in all sectors and probe
anyone probable both in the state or federal level and also ensure strict teaching guidelines in the educational sector.

ENFORCEMENT OF LAWS ON ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTIONS
Government should enforce better laws on environmental protection as this will help to protect the environment for present and future generation. Government should make law against excessive deforestation and killing of wild animals. Government should tax those companies that discharge waste materials into the water bodies and air and also charge them to clean the environment.

IMPROVING THE WELFARE OF NIGERIAN LABOUR FORCE: Nigerian government should work on the improvement of the welfare workers, as improving the welfare
of the labour force is a catalyst to economic efficiency and development. Nigerian government should embark on knowing and managing the size, age composition and changes of the labour force is important in economic planning and development because it is only the members of the labour force that participate in productions of goods and services. Nigerian government should put in place policies that will increase labour force
participation as it is the indicator that determine the size and composition of Nigeria’s human resource and projections of the future supply of labour. Nigerian government should ensure that there is enabling environment for labour force in the country, make laws that guide labour turnover which is the rate at which labour can be replaced. Some firms sack or lay-off workers without paying them their previous wages and salaries, some underpay, while some expose their workers to too many hours of work or dangers during work.
Government should set up bodies that would be in charge of workers welfare.

BY
AKINGBOYE AYODELE JOSEPH
08130854750

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